COVID-19 Pandemic – What you need to know and what we all need to do

The whole world is currently in complete and utter panic mode. This is not just a problem for a selected few of the world, this has virtually shut down almost all activities of the world. Nations are asking nations for help, kingdoms are calling upon lesser kingdoms for bail outs in form of medical equipment and personnel. The COVID-19 virus has definitely brought the world together in quite a tragic way. So many school of thoughts has been delivered as regards the advent and the mode of operation of this virus. In all, the World Health Organization has done a great job in reeling out information on the nature of the virus and how it attacks the human system and can lead to death.

COVID-19 has been described as a pandemic by the World Health Organization. What does that mean? Characterizing COVID-19 as a pandemic is not an indication that the virus has become deadlier. Rather, it’s an acknowledgement of the disease’s geographical spread.

There are lots of myths and misinformation about corona virus being shared online – including on how COVID-19 spreads, how to stay safe, and what to do if you’re worried about having contracted the virus. The peculiarity of the African continent and by extension, Nigeria makes its populace highly susceptible to this myths and wrong information.

How does the COVID-19 virus spread?

The virus is transmitted through direct contact with respiratory droplets of an infected person (generated through coughing and sneezing), and touching surfaces contaminated with the virus. The COVID-19 virus may survive on surfaces for several hours, but simple disinfectants can kill it. Please take note of the following point.

  • There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
  • The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
  • The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
    • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
    • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.

Take steps to protect yourself

Clean your hands often
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
Avoid close contact
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick
  • Put distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. This is especially important for people who are at high risk of getting sick.

Take steps to protect others

Stay home if you’re sick
  • Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care.
Cover coughs and sneezes
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow.
  • Throw used tissues in the trash.
  • Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
Wear a face mask if you are sick
  • If you are sick: You should wear a face mask when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office. If you are not able to wear a face mask (for example, because it causes trouble breathing), then you should do your best to cover your coughs and sneezes, and people who are caring for you should wear a face mask if they enter your room.
  • If you are NOT sick: Still wear a face mask !
Clean and disinfect
  • Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
  • If surfaces are dirty, clean them: Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
Stay Indoor
Use your face mask
Cover your mouth and nose if you must sneeze or cough
Disinfect and sanitize all the time.

What are the symptoms of Corona virus?

Symptoms can include fever, cough and shortness of breath. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia or breathing difficulties. More rarely, the disease can be fatal.  These symptoms are similar to the flu (influenza) or the common cold, which are a lot more common than COVID-19. This is why testing is required to confirm if someone has COVID-19. It’s important to remember that key prevention measures are the same – frequent hand washing, and respiratory hygiene (cover your cough or sneeze with a flexed elbow or tissue, then throw away the tissue into a closed bin).

Shortness of breath

If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19 get medical attention immediately. Emergency warning signs include:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Bluish lips or face

In conclusion, the COVID-19 virus is not a death sentence. It can be properly managed if reported early and treated by professionals. What we are seeing in the world today is sudden reality check of how unprepared we are for a world wide pandemic that cuts across all nations and ethnic groups. Be that as it may, we need to stand together as one big nation if we are to beat this virus ravaging the earth.

Let us adhere strictly to the advises of our health professionals and constituted authorities. Wash and sanitize not just our hands regularly but also surfaces we frequently touch. Keep a reasonable distance between the next person to us (social distancing) and only go out on a strict need to basis.

The cost of disobeying this instructions is far greater than the seemingly inconvenience of obeying it. IT’S REALLY NOT ABOUT OUR LIVES NOW BUT THE LIVES OF THE NEXT PERSON TO US AND SEVERAL OTHER’S THEY MIGHT COME IN CONTACT WITH.




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